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Chemical name: Patulin
Synonyms: 4-Hydroxy-4H-furo[3,2-c]pyran-2(6H)-one; Clairformin; Clavacin; Clavatin; Claviformin; DL-Patulin; Expansin; Expansine; Mycoin; Mycoin C; Mycoin C3; NSC 32951; NSC 8120; Patuline; Penicidin; Terinin;
CAS Number: 149-29-1
Alternate CAS #: NA
Molecular form.: C₇H₆O₄
Appearance: Off-White to Pale Orange Solid
Melting Point: 103-107°C
Mol. Weight: 154.12
Storage: Hygroscopic, -20°C Freezer, Under Inert Atmosphere
Solubility: Acetone (Slightly), Methanol (Slightly, Heated)
Stability: No Data Available
Category: Heterocycles, Pharmaceuticals, Intermediates & Fine Chemicals
Boiling Point: No Data Available
Applications: Patulin (PAT), a mycotoxin produced by certain species of Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Byssochlamys, is mainly found in ripe apple and apple products. Patulin-induced genotoxicity and modulation of glutathione in Hep G2 cells. Patulin is an antibiotic. Patulin-induced nephropathy and gastrointestinal tract malfunction have been demonstrated in several animal models. The oral LD50 value of patulin ranges between 29 and 55 mg/kg body weight in rodents and 170 mg/kg body weight in poultry. The World Health Organization considers patulin cytotoxic and established a safety level of patulin in apple juice at 50 μM. At 100-200 μM, patulin can directly increase intracellular oxidative stress in HEK293 and HL-60 cells. In 1944, this compound was tested in a clinical trial for potential antibio
Dangerous Goods Info: Not a dangerous good if item is equal to or less than 1g/ml and there is less than 100g in the package
References: Scott, P., et al.: J. Agric. Food Chem., 20, 450 (1972), Aden, D., et al.: Nature, 282, 615 (1979), Surralles, J., et al.: Mutat. Res., 341, 169 (1995), Alves, I., et al.: Mutagenesis, 15, 229 (2000), Liu, B., et al.: Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol., 191, 255 (2003), Puel, O., Galtier, P., and Oswald, I.P. Biosynthesis and toxicological effects of patulin. Toxins 2(4) 613-631 (2010). Liu, B., Wu, T., Yu, F., et al. Induction of oxidative stress response by the mycotoxin patulin in mammalian cells. Toxicol Sci 95(2) 340-347 (2007). Chalmers, I., and Clarke, M. Commentary: The 1994 patulin trial: The first properly controlled multicentre trial conducted under the aegis of the British Medical Research Council. Int J Epidemiol 32 253-260 (2004).

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